2020年迪拜拍卖精品推荐会-----山鬼花钱

发布时间:2020-07-11 13:19:52      来源:未知

 


山鬼,即山神,因未获天帝正式册封到正神之列,所以被称为山鬼。自古以来,山鬼都是以正义、高大的形象存在,以山鬼纹饰、铭文的各种器物也多被人们赋予护佑和辟邪的作用,其中的山鬼花钱,以其小巧轻便、易于佩戴的特点,成为人们最喜闻乐见的一种配饰。花钱,以其形制类古钱,性质非流通币而得名,是早期民间自娱自乐的一种玩钱。花钱作为古钱币的一个分支,按其用途大致可分为古钱宫钱类、吉语类、宗教类、游戏类、特殊用途类等五大类,可作为厌胜(厌伏其人,咒诅取胜),佩饰,玩赏,游戏,撒帐,洗儿,吉庆,卜卦,殉葬,赏赐,凭信,镇库,纪念,祝寿,挂灯,上梁,系包裹,镇水等方面,起到辟邪、祈福、镇宅的作用。

山鬼花钱,始铸于元末明初,清代铸行极盛,民间行用甚广。是清代道士用来施法以降妖震鬼驱邪的载体,也可叫法器。经道士开光后,百姓请回挂于家中镇宅或随身携带保平安。

笔者见到过一枚清代镇宅之宝山鬼花钱(如图),呈圆形,直径4.2厘米,厚0.32厘米。正面楷书“镇宅之宝”四字,背面为“雷霆雷霆,杀鬼降精,斩妖辟邪,永保神清,奉太上老君急急如律令敕。雷令山鬼”的符咒,钱币中央有一方形孔。此枚钱币制作精美,造型独特,实为花钱中的精品。此钱挂在大门上,以此作为镇宅、驱邪、避凶之用。

虽然花钱无论从形制、来源、工艺等与古钱有着惊人的相似,但因它的不流通性,故制造花钱的材质没有太高的要求,一般都比较粗糙。也正因如此,花钱中的字文图案才呈现了千姿百态的姿容。花钱中丰富的内容,融合了各朝各代的民俗民风。其吉祥的内涵,代表着古代中国人民对美好生活的向往和祝福。我们常见的花钱主要以“长命富贵”“福德长寿”“加官进禄”“天下太平”等吉语为内容,这同时也反映了中国传统文化的渗透力。

花钱作为古钱币中独特的一族,因其独特性、文化性和艺术性,成了古文化爱好者、艺术品爱好者和古钱币收藏者的座上宾,深受其追捧和喜爱,拥有了很高的收藏价值。

Spending money, named after its form of ancient money and non-tradable currency, is a kind of play money for early folk self-entertainment. As a branch of ancient coins, spending money can be roughly divided into five categories: ancient money palace money, auspicious language, religion, games, special uses, etc., which can be used as disgust (weary, curse) Curse to win), adorn, play rewards, games, spread the bills, wash children, Jiqing, divination, burial, rewards, by letter, town library, commemoration, birthday, hanging lights, beams, parcels, town water, etc. To the role of warding off evil spirits, praying for blessings, and town houses.

Mountain ghosts, namely mountain gods, are called mountain ghosts because they have not been officially enshrined in the ranks of righteous gods by the emperor. Since ancient times, mountain ghosts have existed in the image of justice and tallness, and various utensils decorated with mountain ghosts and inscriptions have also been endowed with protection and evil spirits. Among them, mountain ghosts spend money and are small, light and easy to wear. It has become the most popular accessory for people.

Mountain ghosts spent money, and they were cast in the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties. The Qing Dynasty was extremely prosperous and the folk practice was very widely used. It is a carrier used by the Taoists in the Qing Dynasty to cast spells to reduce evil spirits and demons, and it can also be called a magic weapon. After the Taoist prince opened the light, the people should hang back in their homes or take them with them to ensure safety.


 

The author has seen a Baoshan ghost in a Qing Dynasty town house (pictured), which is circular, 4.2 cm in diameter and 0.32 cm thick. On the front, the four-character "Treasure of the Town House" is written on the front, and on the back is the spell of "Thunder and Thunder, killing ghosts and reducing essence, slashing evil spirits and warding off evil spirits, keeping the gods clear forever, and offering the old prince anxiously like a law. Lei Lingshan ghost", coins There is a square hole in the center. This coin is exquisitely crafted and unique in shape, and it is really a fine product for spending money. This money is hung on the gate, which is used as a town house, exorcism, and avoid evil.

Although the money is surprisingly similar to ancient money in terms of form, source, and craftsmanship, because of its non-circulation, the materials used to make money do not have too high requirements, and are generally rough. It is for this reason that the words and patterns in the money show a variety of poses. The rich content of the money is a fusion of folk customs of various dynasties and generations. Its auspicious meaning represents the longing and blessing of the ancient Chinese people for a better life. Our common spending is mainly based on the auspicious words such as "long life and wealth", "ford longevity", "Guanguanjinlu" and "world peace", which also reflects the penetration of traditional Chinese culture.

Spending money as a unique group of ancient coins, because of its uniqueness, culture and artistry, has become a guest of ancient culture lovers, art lovers and collectors of ancient coins. High collection value。